Charcoal has become an important product for many years and received good market acceptance. The greatest use to fuel domestic cooking and BBQ at the picnic. Saudi Arabia and the Middle East countries in large quantities using charcoal for grilling lamb meat as food is important to them. Besides charcoal is also used for the manufacture of carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride, sodium cyanide, calcium carbide, silicon carbide, potassium cyanide, carbon monoxide, black powder, plastics, gas adsorbent, crayons, pharmaceutical, poultry - animal feeds and other industrial chemicals. Another great use for the production of activated carbon. Use for other industries are for heating steel (steel, pig iron, foundry molds), nonferrous smelting (copper, brass, nickel, aluminum, manganese electro, armor plate etc) and metal casehardening. Today the use of charcoal for agriculture (soil conditioner) also began much done and especially for increased production in the food sector. A large factory integrative for the recovery of hardwood byproduct recovery plant ever built and operates include carbonization and refining facilities for the production of acetic acid, methanol and charcoal in the form of lumps, briquette and charcoal, such as this photo below.
|Hardwood Byproduct Recovery Plants|
Costs for charcoal production investment is cheap, so it can be done by small and medium industries. But the charcoal business success is not necessarily determined by the cheap cost of the equipment but rather to study the commercial aspects such as source and raw material costs, the availability and cost of labor and market aspects of charcoal produced. Raw materials and labor costs, efficient operations and marketing capabilities are a major factor of success in charcoal production.
|Beehive Kiln, carbonization batch type popular in the early 1900s|
|Missouri Kiln, carbonization batch type popular in the 1950s|
In the era of the early 1900s charcoal production world experienced its heyday in the production of more than 500 thousand tons. The driving force of the high acid requirement for the production of textiles with charcoal as raw material for production of the acid has been pushing the charcoal industry. As a result the factory for the production of charcoal and recovery of byproducts to be expensive. In this era of crude liquor obtained from the condensation of volatiles. Crude liquor is then refined into pure acetic acid and methanol. In the years between 1910 and 1940 charcoal production fell to almost half of the era of the early 1900s caused other carbon material replacing charcoal in the manufacture of metals and chemicals.
|Sawdust Charcoal Briquette|
|Pillow Charcoal Briquette|
|Traditional Charcoal Production|
|Scheme of semi-continuous carbonization process suitable for lump material|
|charcoal production continuously suitable for bulk material|