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Menampilkan postingan dari Maret, 2019

Tips for Choosing PKS

For the CPO producers, tenera is preferred because the thick coir (mesocarp fiber) will produce more CPO. Whereas for PKS (palm kernel shell) users such as power plants and a number of industries, the type of dura palm oil is preferred. PKS tenera has a thin shell (0.5-4 mm) so that the calorific value tends to be lower than the dura with a thicker shell (2-8 mm). Old palm oil plantations usually use tenera types to maximize CPO yield, while old palm oil plantations usually use a type of dura. PKS as a byproduct or one of the solid wastes in a CPO mill is actually not a major concern for palm oil mills, and CPO is clearly the main focus. PKS is primarily a concern of traders and users, so quality factors emerge as a consequence of buying and selling transactions.
Indonesia has around 12 million hectares of palm oil plantations at present, consisting of 4.8 million hectares of smallholder plantations, 6.2 million hectares of private plantations and 0.8 million hectares of state planta…

Higher Power Plant Efficiency Demands Higher Fuel Quality

When we want to refuel our vehicle at a gas station, of course we choose what fuel is most suitable for our vehicle. Our vehicles will be able to run optimally when using the appropriate fuel. Over spec fuel quality or too low (under spec) will only provide less optimal performance. Technically, the vehicle has been designed with a certain pressure ratio on the combustion system, if the quality of the fuel is too high then low compression is difficult to burn perfectly, and vice versa. In the operation of vehicles, even fuel that burns prematurely or after time will produce a performance that is not optimal. High-quality fuels also have higher prices so that they are economically also not profitable, as are low quality fuels, although they are cheaper but performance is also below standard.

The analogy above is also more or less the same for electricity generation. The higher the level of efficiency the higher the quality of the fuel required because the operating conditions are also…

Export Wood Pellet: To Japan or Korea?

Market aspect is an important factor for a production, including wood pellets. The understanding of market characteristics will also determine the success of marketing these products. Korea and Japan are the two largest wood pellet markets today in Asia, so a number of export-oriented producers are trying to fill the market. The wood pellet market for Europe has generally not been a priority, this is because large capacity is needed for shipping there, for example 40,000 - 60,000 tons / shipment, which this wood pellet producer in Indonesia cannot meet the quantity because its production capacity is still small. Delivery of wood pellets to Korea and Japan from Indonesia, almost all of them still use containers, because the volume is not large.

What is the difference between the wood pellet market between Japan and Korea? Then, why do Indonesian pellet wood producers need to consider this? The use of wood pellets for power plants both Japan and Korea is policy driven, namely Renewable…

Delay in the Construction of Biomass Power Plant in Japan and Its Impact on PKS Supply from Indonesia and Malaysia

An ambitious program always requires careful preparation to achieve the goals as expected. Moreover, the ambitious program is related to a strategic sector such as energy, so preparation also needs to be more serious. Hurry to be realized immediately and reach the target will further aggravate the situation and bring losses in the end. This readiness also involves many parties so that synchronization is not easy and supporting infrastructure. One of the ambitious programs in the energy sector, especially renewable energy and more specifically the use of biomass, is a power generation program in Japan. Japan as the most energy-dependent country, the sustainability of energy supply is very important, so government policy is needed for this. After the tragedy or accident at the Fukushima nuclear plant in March 2011, Japan began using renewable energy as an important energy source. The use of biomass as an energy source is targeted at 4-6 GW by 2030, and even this condition spurs develop…

Soon Sri Lanka Will Produce Massive Wood Pellets From Its Energy Plantations, Indonesia?

A Sri Lankan company, Trinco Pellets will produce wood pellets from fast-rotating plant, namely gliricidae and is planned to produce in 2020-2021. Its production capacity reaches 150,000 tons / year with the main market to Japan. The company aims to plant 1 billion gliricidae trees with the target of producing 15 million tons of gliricidae wood. In addition to the production of wood pellets, the wood is also used for electricity generation. Of course this is a breakthrough and acceleration for the development of the wood pellet industry. Indonesia clearly has far greater potential, and it can also be a reference for even a model to spur the spirit to play a greater role in the world wood pellet sector in particular and bioeconomy in general.
Gliricidae with calliandra are a group of legume plants that have roots that can bind nitrogen to fertilize the soil. Both can also be coppice so that they can be harvested every year and replanting is done after approximately 20 years. For addit…

EFB Pellet is Difficult Accepted by the Market, It's Time for EFB Charcoal Briquette to Come as a Solution

When the EFB pellet properties cannot be accepted by the market, and the solution to upgrade the fuel is not yet economical, it needs a precise solution that can really solve the problem. Most power plants that use pellets as fuel use pulverized combustion technology, where pellet EFBs that have high chlorine levels are less acceptable. Chlorine is corrosive to metals so that the lifetime of the power plant is short. Whereas EFB pellets will be more suitable for power plants that use fluidized bed combustion technology, or even gasification, as a reference can be read here.
The right solution to overcome the EFB problem is to be processed into EFB charcoal briquette, which is by briquetting and followed by carbonization. The market segment of EFB charcoal briquette for barbecues is clearly very different from a power plant. So the product specifications needed are also a little different. Electricity needs for the production of EFB charcoal briquette can also use the EFB, so some of …