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Tips for Choosing PKS

For the CPO producers, tenera is preferred because the thick coir (mesocarp fiber) will produce more CPO. Whereas for PKS (palm kernel shell) users such as power plants and a number of industries, the type of dura palm oil is preferred. PKS tenera has a thin shell (0.5-4 mm) so that the calorific value tends to be lower than the dura with a thicker shell (2-8 mm). Old palm oil plantations usually use tenera types to maximize CPO yield, while old palm oil plantations usually use a type of dura. PKS as a byproduct or one of the solid wastes in a CPO mill is actually not a major concern for palm oil mills, and CPO is clearly the main focus. PKS is primarily a concern of traders and users, so quality factors emerge as a consequence of buying and selling transactions.
Indonesia has around 12 million hectares of palm oil plantations at present, consisting of 4.8 million hectares of smallholder plantations, 6.2 million hectares of private plantations and 0.8 million hectares of state planta…

Higher Power Plant Efficiency Demands Higher Fuel Quality

When we want to refuel our vehicle at a gas station, of course we choose what fuel is most suitable for our vehicle. Our vehicles will be able to run optimally when using the appropriate fuel. Over spec fuel quality or too low (under spec) will only provide less optimal performance. Technically, the vehicle has been designed with a certain pressure ratio on the combustion system, if the quality of the fuel is too high then low compression is difficult to burn perfectly, and vice versa. In the operation of vehicles, even fuel that burns prematurely or after time will produce a performance that is not optimal. High-quality fuels also have higher prices so that they are economically also not profitable, as are low quality fuels, although they are cheaper but performance is also below standard.

The analogy above is also more or less the same for electricity generation. The higher the level of efficiency the higher the quality of the fuel required because the operating conditions are also…

Export Wood Pellet: To Japan or Korea?

Market aspect is an important factor for a production, including wood pellets. The understanding of market characteristics will also determine the success of marketing these products. Korea and Japan are the two largest wood pellet markets today in Asia, so a number of export-oriented producers are trying to fill the market. The wood pellet market for Europe has generally not been a priority, this is because large capacity is needed for shipping there, for example 40,000 - 60,000 tons / shipment, which this wood pellet producer in Indonesia cannot meet the quantity because its production capacity is still small. Delivery of wood pellets to Korea and Japan from Indonesia, almost all of them still use containers, because the volume is not large.

What is the difference between the wood pellet market between Japan and Korea? Then, why do Indonesian pellet wood producers need to consider this? The use of wood pellets for power plants both Japan and Korea is policy driven, namely Renewable…

Delay in the Construction of Biomass Power Plant in Japan and Its Impact on PKS Supply from Indonesia and Malaysia

An ambitious program always requires careful preparation to achieve the goals as expected. Moreover, the ambitious program is related to a strategic sector such as energy, so preparation also needs to be more serious. Hurry to be realized immediately and reach the target will further aggravate the situation and bring losses in the end. This readiness also involves many parties so that synchronization is not easy and supporting infrastructure. One of the ambitious programs in the energy sector, especially renewable energy and more specifically the use of biomass, is a power generation program in Japan. Japan as the most energy-dependent country, the sustainability of energy supply is very important, so government policy is needed for this. After the tragedy or accident at the Fukushima nuclear plant in March 2011, Japan began using renewable energy as an important energy source. The use of biomass as an energy source is targeted at 4-6 GW by 2030, and even this condition spurs develop…

Soon Sri Lanka Will Produce Massive Wood Pellets From Its Energy Plantations, Indonesia?

A Sri Lankan company, Trinco Pellets will produce wood pellets from fast-rotating plant, namely gliricidae and is planned to produce in 2020-2021. Its production capacity reaches 150,000 tons / year with the main market to Japan. The company aims to plant 1 billion gliricidae trees with the target of producing 15 million tons of gliricidae wood. In addition to the production of wood pellets, the wood is also used for electricity generation. Of course this is a breakthrough and acceleration for the development of the wood pellet industry. Indonesia clearly has far greater potential, and it can also be a reference for even a model to spur the spirit to play a greater role in the world wood pellet sector in particular and bioeconomy in general.
Gliricidae with calliandra are a group of legume plants that have roots that can bind nitrogen to fertilize the soil. Both can also be coppice so that they can be harvested every year and replanting is done after approximately 20 years. For addit…

EFB Pellet is Difficult Accepted by the Market, It's Time for EFB Charcoal Briquette to Come as a Solution

When the EFB pellet properties cannot be accepted by the market, and the solution to upgrade the fuel is not yet economical, it needs a precise solution that can really solve the problem. Most power plants that use pellets as fuel use pulverized combustion technology, where pellet EFBs that have high chlorine levels are less acceptable. Chlorine is corrosive to metals so that the lifetime of the power plant is short. Whereas EFB pellets will be more suitable for power plants that use fluidized bed combustion technology, or even gasification, as a reference can be read here.
The right solution to overcome the EFB problem is to be processed into EFB charcoal briquette, which is by briquetting and followed by carbonization. The market segment of EFB charcoal briquette for barbecues is clearly very different from a power plant. So the product specifications needed are also a little different. Electricity needs for the production of EFB charcoal briquette can also use the EFB, so some of …

Utilization of Waste Wood of Land Clearing For Sawdust Charcoal Briquette

The area of ​​oil palm oil plantations in Indonesia continues to grow every year. CPO and PKO needs continue to increase throughout the year. This is in line with the increasing edible oil and also world energy, especially renewable energy. The expansion of palm oil plantations is mostly done by land clearing, which of course must be legal or obtain permission from the authorities. The opening of the forest produces a lot of waste wood which should not be wasted but can be profitable.

The prospective palm oil entrepreneurs are also thinking hard to use waste wood into a profitable product. In addition to the large amount of waste wood, there is also the entrepreneur's mindset to maximize profits if it can be obtained in a short time. For example, every 1 hectare produces 50 tons of wood waste, so 10,000 hectares will produce 500,000 tons of wood waste, a very large amount of course.
One of the uses of wood waste so as to provide economic benefits is the production of sawdust char…

Eco-Tourism with Palm Oil Plantation

"The Muslims are syirkah (shariah business cooperation) in three ways, in terms of grasslands (land), water and fire (energy)". (Hadith narrated by Sunan Abu Daud)


Food, energy and water (FEW) is a matter of essential material for human life. The next generation and children must be introduced and understood about this. Among the many subjects taught in school, the topic of discussion about FEW must also receive an adequate portion. At the macro level, we witness that a country and nation will not be independent and sovereign if they are unable to be independent and sovereign in the affairs of the FEW. By introducing it from the beginning, the true understanding of FEW will be embedded both for human biological life and for its strategic role in the world arena.

Indonesia is the largest palm oil producer in the world with the plantation area more than 12 million hectares, palm oil production (both CPO and PKO) reaching more than 40 million tons / year with more than 1,000 CP…

Integration of Cattle Farms and PKO Mills

PKO mills or palm kernel oil mills have a greater opportunity to integrate livestock especially cattle in their business fields. This is because in the production of palm kernel oil (PKO) a by-product product in the form of palm kernel cake or palm kernel expeller (PKE) or palm kernel cake (PKC) which can be used to feed the cow. The palm kernel oil mills does not need to sell the PKE but uses it for internal purposes, namely for the cattle farm. The cows will also be better if grazed with additional food in the form of palm kernel cake. For palm oil companies it is certainly not a problem to provide grazing land for several tens or several hundred hectares, because many oil palm plantations reach thousands to tens of thousands of hectares. In addition to cattle farming, sheep farming can also be developed together, because a number of studies have shown that grazing cattle and sheep shows positive results.
PKO mills are far less in number than CPO mills. Many oil palm companies own …

Owls, Cobra Snakes or Liquid Smoke to Repel Mice at Palm Oil Plantations?

Mice are animals that disrupt various human activities so they must be expelled or killed. Many stories from farmers who experienced crop failure due to rampant rat pests. Likewise in palm oil plantations, rats will damage the palm fruit. Biological countermeasures are mostly carried out, namely with owls and cobra snakes. While other efforts that can be done is by liquid smoke. Aside from being used for fertilizer, liquid smoke can also be used to repel these mice. A strong aroma and an acidic nature will make the mice away from the palm oil trees that have been given liquid smoke. The longer the effect of liquid smoke on the palm oil tree the longer the mice away from the palm tree.
Liquid smoke does not harm humans and can be produced in large quantities. Besides that liquid smoke also comes from biomass (pyrolysis) so that it is an environmentally friendly chemical and from renewable sources. Empty bunches or EFB which have generally not been utilized by palm oil mills can be use…

EFB Biochar and Fertilizer Savings in Palm Oil Plantations

High palm oil plantation productivity and high oil yield has always been a goal in the palm oil business. The nutrient estimates needed to produce 25 tons of FFB / ha / year were 192 N, 11 P, 209 K, 36 Mg, and 71 Ca in kg / ha / year. With the production of 25 tons of FFB / ha / year palm oil or CPO crude will produce around 6.5 tons (25% of FFB). Analogy in the field of animal husbandry where the feed component holds 75% of production costs or is the highest cost component, as well as fertilizer, especially in palm oil plantations. Fertilizer is the most expensive cost or 60% of total maintenance costs. To achieve this productivity, the calculation practically of the need is more or less as follows: an afdeling with an area of ​​1,000 hectares with 1 hectare consisting of 143 trees, so there are 143,000 trees of palm oil. If the dose per tree is 2.5 kg, then the fertilizer needs are 357,500 kg (357.5 tons), with the price of non-subsidized chemical fertilizers for example Rp 10,000 …