Langsung ke konten utama

Racing for Lowering The Temperature Of The Earth



Although the carbon neutral scenario does not reduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, but with this scenario does not add more greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The use of carbon neutral fuel from biomass is the concrete step. Gradually the role of the biomass fuel usage is improved and strengthened with the support by the state regulations. A number of countries have dared to take an ambitious policy for the utilization of biomass in the massive scale. Confidence factor such as the solution to the environmental problems of climate change and global warming, depletion of fossil fuel reserves, the image of an environment friendly country that will be known the world , and the economy are driving some of those countries to implement the policy.



For Asia, South Korea has started using biomass massively with the officially issued the Renewable Portofolio Standard (RPS) in Korea in 2012. The regulation state that 2% of the electricity shall come from renewable energy. Percentage of renewable energy needs will increase in incremental reach 10% in 2022. Another driving force is the emissions trading scheme which will be issued in January 2015. Whereas in Japan the energy strategy to be the hit of nuclear reactors has since abandoned some time ago. The actual strategy including the manufacture of power plants with the composition of nuclear and renewable energy from 30% to 70% until 2030. Japan with a population about half the residents of Indonesia but its energy consumption 5 times in Indonesia. Japan is also targeting production of energy from biomass power plants with a capacity of 1100 MW until 2020. As for the use of renewable energy have a target to reduce Japan's emissions of CO2 by 1990 levels by 2030. While China has a goal to use the 11.4% from non-fossil fuels from primary energy consumption in 2015. Its CO2 emissions will be reduced by as much as 17%. The Target reduction of CO2 emissions by as much as 40-45% by 2020 to reach such a level in 2005. In Europe, with a target of 20-20-20 has prompted demand especially for biomass pellets fuel. Target 20-20-20 is a greenhouse gas reduction of 20%, 20% renewable energy use and energy efficiency at 20%. Effective tool in Europe to achieve the targets is the emissions trading scheme (emission trading scheme EU ETS/).
  
Indonesia has also announced to reduce fossil energy by 2025, with the share of fossil fuels 83% and renewable energy around 17% in particular biomass gets a share of less than 5%. The energy potential of biomass in Indonesia is huge i.e. equivalent electric 49,810 MW but in utilized is still less than 4% or equivalent of 1,680.4 MW. Critical land and unused land that reach millions hectares, become an extraordinary potential to provide energy plantations to produce biomass as an energy source. Optimisation of the potency will support the target achievement the energy consumption of biomass as renewable energy in total energy mix. . Finally the creation of a low-carbon economy can be a solution for the welfare of society and improve the quality of the environment, with the most popular commodities i.e. wood pellets. The Global market for these pellets predicted to rise from 16 million tons (2010) becomes 47 million tons in 2020.

Komentar

Postingan populer dari blog ini

Carbon Positive, Carbon Carbon Neutral or Negative?

Greenhouse gases from burning fossilfuels have caused the Earth's temperature to rise. Increasing the temperature of the earth or global warming causing numerous disasters due to climate change in a number of places on earth. When greenhouse gases not controlled then the result of damage to the environment of the earth will be more severe. Therefore, efforts were made to reduce greenhouse gases as the cause of environmental problems. In general, there are four common scenarios to prevent the global warming effect of CO2 in the atmosphere gradually, namely: 1.increasing the efficiency so the fossil fuel consumption decreases, 2.mix of renewable fuels with fossil fuels so that fossil fuel consumption has also decreased, 3.substitution of fossil fuels with renewable fuels 4.and the absorption of CO2 in the atmosphere so that the concentration of greenhouse gases can be reduced. Here are some basic terms related to the above problems. Based on the origin and the effect that CO2 in the atmo…

10 Advantages By Making Energy Plantations for Wood Pellet Production

Assuredness of supply of raw materials is one of the key factors of business success in the wood pellets. There are two ways to obtain raw materials commonly done today: a. Buying from the owner of source of raw materials. b. Producing its own the availability of raw materials. While the 3rd way and there is still few for business owners make wood pellets is by mix way, which is partly provide by their own of raw materials and some rest buy from the other source of raw materials.
While examining at the types of biomass raw materials there are two kinds, namely : a. Woody biomass b. Non-wood biomass such as agricultural wastes (empty fruit bunches of palm oil trees, corn cobs, rice husks and so on). Currently woody biomass remains a priority to be products of wood pellets as a number of advantages over non-wood biomass which is generally an agricultural wastes, are included in the category of biomass pellets or agri-waste pellets. The comparison between wood pellet and biomass pellet …

Wood Pellet, PKS and Biomass Power Plant Market in Japan