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Coconut Shell Charcoal and Palm Kernell Shell Charcoal Production By Continuous Process


Indonesia as a coconut plantation owner (4 million hectares) and palm oil (11 million hectares), the largest in the world, was largely the result of the plantation still produces primary processed products such as CPO and PKO on palm oil and cooking oil at coconut. Production of various derivative products based on coconut and palm oil are many and value added is economically much more attractive largely untapped glance, thought much less do. Whereas if it is done it will give more added value, strong industrial competitiveness and of course employment. The extent of the plantations, many fruits, and high production of primary processed its supposed to be thrust towards the processing or production of a variety of downstream products or derivatives. Uneven distribution industry, market access to many types of derivative products, the quality of human resources, infrastructure and business environment that is less supportive of, among others, a number of factors that make the movement of the industry leading to downstream products such slow. Essential Material needs for human, commonly abbreviated 7F (Food, Fuel, Fiber, Fodder, Feedstock, Fertilizer, and Favor), also largely be filled based on palm oil and  coconut, so that the processing of natural resources such plantations to fulfillment 7F.


As the world's top producer of palm oil and coconut, should the downstream industries based on both raw materials are more easily and quickly realized, for example, the production of bath soap can best be produced from coconut oil and should become the world standard, as well as the production of biodiesel best of palm oil are also should become the world standard and so on. It's very possible. If that is not us who take  the chances that sooner or later must be taken by others. With the potential of say 6 billion world population or 250 million people in Indonesia alone, certainly potential market is huge. Bath soap for example combined with a distinctive scent of essential oils then the quality will also be special. Moreover, Indonesia is also one of the world's top producer of essential oils. Exporting primary processed products would also be beneficial, but how about making a variety of products that are ready-made so as to give more value added or greater profits? I think we all agree.



Waste in the form of coconut shell or palm shell, which are also abundant along both the fruit production, can also be increased added value, which is made with charcoal. The use of charcoal is also very much, especially in the food industry and the steel industry (favor). Traditional production of charcoal with a long production process, the yield is small and the smoke that many abandoned and should start using technology that is easier, faster and able to process the large quantities continuously. In a continuous process on the inlet side incoming raw materials while at the outlet discharge of the product, namely charcoal continuously. The activation process will produce activated charcoal which has a greater degree of usefulness and value-added, especially in the food industries and metal - minerals industries. Production of activated carbon from palm kernel shell charcoal (PKSC) and coconut shell charcoal (CSC) will be discussed after this. InsyaAllah.


Coconut shell is 12% of the coconut so that the number of coconut shells around 23,000 tonnes / year, while palm kernel shells are 6% of palm fruit and 20% is usually used fuel boiler in palm oil mill itself so that the amount of palm kernel shells with more than 600 palm oil mill in Indonesia then the amount will also be very large. For example: on a palm oil mill with small capacity i.e. 30 tons  fresh fruit bunch (FFB) / hour generated shell 900 tons/month, and about 200 tons/month to supplement the lack of calories with mesocarp fibre to fuel the boiler, so there is an excess of 700 tons/month waste of palm kernel shells. A very large amount and attractive to be developed. The average conversion of raw materials into charcoal is 25% with a fixed carbon content of at least 75%. Fixed carbon levels could be raised but the conversion rate becomes smaller. For those who are interested will pursue these charcoal production we can provide equipments for the production of charcoal with capacities ranging from 5 tons/day and please send an email to cakbentra@gmail.com. Hopefully this can be a small step to inspire based on palm oil and coconut - as the world's top manufacturers and can be run from the small-medium scale.

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